What are the Placenta and What Does it Do?

The question many couples ask is what is the placenta. Many people are intrigued by this “baby inside a baby” because they can’t help but wonder what it does or where it goes. In fact, the placenta has no organs of its own. It is only present due to the development of the fetus in the womb. The placenta continues to develop and fill with blood throughout the nine months of pregnancy.

The placenta itself is an extremely complex organ. It is not clear what it does at the very beginning of pregnancy, but it most definitely begins to develop. When a woman gives birth, the placenta separates from the amniotic fluid that surrounds the baby. The amniotic fluid provides nutrients and proteins needed by the newborn baby, but it is also rich in substances that prevent infection and can absorb excess nutrients from the placenta and infant.

In the second trimester of pregnancy, the placenta starts to slowly expand as the baby continues to develop. By the fourth trimester, the two uterine horns start to grow together and the placenta attaches to the right side of the uterus where the baby is now located. Throughout the last few months of pregnancy, the placenta will slowly and orderly separate itself from the remaining part of the uterus and the baby will emerge from the body.

The part of the placenta that is actually in the outside of the uterus is called the enterolith. This is the area where the baby’s nerve cords will connect with the muscles of the uterus and prepare it for birth. As the baby grows in size, the anterolite swells as more blood is pushed into it. It eventually falls off and the fetus drops to the abdomen.

The other major structure that makes up the placenta is the corpus luteum. The corpus luteum is the jelly-like substance that is made up of a complex of connecting fibers. During pregnancy, the corpus luteum thickens and swells so that the placenta will be ready to be delivered. Once the delivery takes place, the uterus contracts in preparation for the next baby. When the first baby is born, the placenta develops into a capsule that seals the infant inside the uterus.

There are some occasions during pregnancy when the placenta develops abnormally and this will lead to what is commonly known as placental abruption. Abrupt placental abruption is the term given to when the baby’s head suddenly tilts to one side and it usually occurs during the second trimester or when the baby’s heart rate is extremely high. This can also happen at the end of the first trimester. The reason why this happens is because the position of the baby puts excessive pressure on the uterus. This will often cause it to twist and result in a placental abruption.

Another reason why the placenta develops abnormally and often gets twisted is due to what is called lachrymal bleeding. This happens when the placenta doesn’t make direct blood flow to the baby. Instead, it travels through the uterine walls and releases blood into the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby. This blood flow is important so that the baby receives adequate amounts of oxygen and nutrients.

Due to placenta abruption, low birth weight is common. The reason for this is because there is not enough nutrients in the amniotic fluid to facilitate a healthy development and growth of the baby inside the womb. This lack of nutrients greatly affects the growth and development of the baby inside the womb. It causes the baby’s brain to develop abnormally and may even lead to mental retardation if the baby is stillborn. Other conditions such as convulsions, breathing disorders and other abnormality in the central nervous system could also occur.